Breaking with Byzantium: Franciscan Artistic Patronage and Piety in Central Italy at the dawn of the Trecento (Monday 27 February 2017)

Breaking with Byzantium: Franciscan Artistic Patronage and Piety in Central Italy at the dawn of the Trecento

Speaker: Dr Donal Cooper (Department of History of Art, University of Cambridge)

Monday 27 February 2017, 4.30pm, Berrick Saul Building, Bowland Auditorium (BS/005)

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The Franciscan Order can be seen as the primary patronage framework within which different concepts of religious imagery played out in Italy in the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries. As Hans Belting and more recently Anne Derbes and Amy Neff have shown, the story is complex with the Order’s sensitivity to Byzantine art interacting with its innovative and increasingly empathetic devotional practices, developments most closely associated with the Meditations on the Life of Christ. As Emile Mâle famously commented: “few books have had a greater influence on art…” At the same time the ample historiography on Franciscan art is littered with unsuccessful attempts to relate the paintings and buildings commissioned by the friars with the bitter conflicts over the observation of poverty that gripped the Order in the years to either side of 1300 – when groups of idealistic Franciscans known today as the ‘Spirituals’ resisted the Order’s increasing institutionalization and its patronage of art and architecture. Recent discoveries by manuscript scholars and new finds in the archives – presented here for the first time – on the date and authorship of the Meditations on the Life of Christ invite a reassessment of this core devotional text, its relationship to internal debate within the Order, and its impact on Franciscan artistic patronage. Reviewed in this light, the fresco cycles painted by Giotto and Pietro Lorenzetti at Assisi can be understood as complex responses to the Order’s troubles, which absorbed the same devotional culture that underpinned the Meditations at the same time as they asserted an approved image of Franciscan poverty.

Donal Cooper is Senior Lecturer in Italian Art at the University of Cambridge and has published widely on the art and architecture of late medieval and Renaissance Italy, particularly the artistic patronage of the Franciscan Order. Publications include his co-authored monograph with Dr Janet Robson on the Upper Church of the Basilica of San Francesco at Assisi, The Making of Assisi (Yale University Press, 2013) which won the Art Book Prize in 2014.

This event is organized in association with the Medieval Art and Medievalisms Research School and the Project Exploring Fourteenth-Century Art Across the Eastern and Western Christian World.

Everyone is welcome.

 

RESEARCHING AND PUBLISHING THE MEDIEVAL NOW: A COLLOQUIUM IN HONOUR OF CAROLINE PALMER (Friday 7 July 2017)

RESEARCHING AND PUBLISHING THE MEDIEVAL NOW (Friday 7 July 2017)

A Colloquium in Honour of Caroline Palmer

The vision and achievement of Boydell and Brewer’s medievalist founders (Richard Barber and Derek Brewer) are well recognised: medieval studies in the UK and the USA over the last thirty and more years would have been inconceivably impoverished without the commitment of their firm to publishing in the field.

The face of that firm for so many medievalists is Caroline Palmer, a tireless, energetic and visionary commissioning editor and editorial director who has encouraged and supported high- quality work in medieval studies in all areas and on both sides of the Atlantic.

This York Colloquium honours Caroline Palmer’s strong commitment to the interdisciplinarity of medieval studies, long exemplified in vigorous publishing on literature and history at Boydell and Brewer and more recently in Caroline’s advocacy of material culture as an important strand of interdisciplinary medievalist publishing.

It is specially appropriate that the colloquium takes place in York, at the start of the celebration of its fiftieth year of interdisciplinary medieval studies and where Caroline Palmer has tirelessly encouraged the work of York Medieval Press, a Boydell and Brewer subsidiary established over forty years ago with the specific aim of interdisciplinary medieval studies publishing.

In honouring a distinguished commissioning editor of medieval studies, the colloquium constitutes a timely reminder of the interdependence of scholars and publishers and the importance of their mutually informed response to the rapidly changing conditions and media of work in the humanities.

We would like to express our grateful thanks to the organizers, Professor Jocelyn Wogan-Browne (Fordham University), Professor Chris Baswell (Columbia University and Barnard College) and Professor Elizabeth Archibald (University of Durham), and also to Boydell and Brewer and to the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Humanities at the University of York, Professor Mark Ormrod, for their financial support for this event.

To register for this colloquium, please use our on-line payment system.

 

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RESEARCHING AND PUBLISHING THE MEDIEVAL NOW

Recent trends in interdisciplinary paradigms and digital modes of publication have made traditional intellectual and material boundaries ever more fungible, even as highly specific knowledge concerning, for example, regional history or medieval texts and their manuscripts, retain their value as core data.

So too, developing new paradigms in language not already saturated with nation-state assumptions is currently a field of considerable experimentation in medieval studies and an area of intensified political interest in anglophone and other cultures around the world.

This colloquium’s papers discuss and exemplify contemporary research approaches in the areas of Literatures and Histories and Material Cultures in two sessions which, appropriately, have no fixed intellectual boundary between them.

To register for this colloquium, please use our on-line payment system.

PROGRAMME

10.45-11am Welcome (Craig Taylor, Director of the CMS, and Peter Biller, General Editor of YMP)

11am-1pm Literatures and Histories (Chair: Elizabeth Archibald, University of Durham)

Sarah Kay (New York University): “Interdisciplinary French”

Mark Ormrod (University of York): “Understanding Migration in Later Medieval England: History and Interdisciplinarity”

Jane Taylor (University of Durham) : “State-of-the-art Publishing in 1591: The Resourceful Benoît Rigaud and his L ancelot”

Robert Rouse (University of British Columbia): “Reading in Place: Geo-critical Approaches”


2.30- 4.00pm Material Cultures (Chair: Tim Ayers, University of York)

Julian Luxford (University of St Andrews): “Three Faces Have I”

Linne Mooney (University of York): “Some Manuscripts of Major Middle English Texts Copied in York”

Kate Giles (University of York): “Digital Publishing and Internet Archaeology: The Case of Stratford-on-Avon”

4.30pm-5.00pm Colloquium Closing

Sarah Rees Jones (University of York): “Medieval Studies and Public Understanding” Derek Pearsall (Emeritus, Harvard and University of York): “Caroline Palmer”

5.15-6.45pm Wine Reception sponsored by Boydell and Brewer

 

To register for this colloquium, please use our on-line payment system.

 

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A Workshop on the Sainte Chapelle (Paris) – 28 February 2017

A Workshop on the Sainte Chapelle (Paris) – K/133, 5.15 – 7pm, 28 February 2017

The Sainte-Chapelle is a royal chapel within the medieval Palais de la Cité in Paris. It was commissioned by King Louis IX of France (1214-1270) to house his collection of Passion relics, including the Crown of Thorns. The Sainte-Chapelle is one of the earliest surviving buildings of the Capetian royal palace on the Île de la Cité and is famed for its Gothic architecture and stained glass.

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This workshop will feature two papers examining the liturgy and the stained glass of the Sainte-Chapelle in its thirteenth-century context:

  • M. Cecilia Gaposchkin (Dartmouth College): ‘Salvation and Judgment in the Liturgy of the Sainte-Chapelle’
  • Emily Guerry (University of Kent): ‘A New Son of Man: Sheep, Goats, and the King of Kings in French Gothic Iconography’

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Our speakers are two of the most exciting scholars working on the Sainte Chapelle, liturgy, religious devotion and stained glass:

Cecilia Gaposchkin (Dartmouth College) has published on the crusades and on the Capetian monarchy, and is currently working on liturgy and ceremony in thirteenth-century Paris. Her most recent book is on how liturgy and church ritual underwrote holy war and crusading: Invisible Weapons: Liturgy and the Making of Crusade Ideology (Cornell UP, 2017). She is also the author of The Making of Saint Louis (IX) of France: Kingship, Sanctity and Crusade in the Later Middle Ages (Cornell UP, 2008), Blessed Louis, The Most Glorious of Kings: Texts relating to the Cult of Saint Louis of France (Notre Dame: 2012; translations done with Phyllis Katz), and, with Sean Field and Larry Field, The Sanctity of Louis IX: Early Lives of Saint Louis by Geoffrey of Beaulieu and William of Chartres (Cornell UP: 2014).

Emily Guerry (University of Kent) works on the relationship between religious devotion and artistic representation in the Middle Ages and is particularly interested in how the veneration of relics influenced Christian iconography. She is the author of Crowning Paris: King Louis IX, Archbishop Cornut, and the Translation of the Crown of Thorns (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 2016) and will publish The wall paintings of the Sainte-Chapelle: Passion, Devotion, and the Gothic Imagination (Harvey Miller, 2018).

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Huth Psalter (York/Lincoln, c1270s), London BL MA Add. 38116, folio 13v

 

4th Annual Late Medieval France and Burgundy Workshop (3 December 2016)

The 4th Annual Late Medieval France and Burgundy Workshop (3 December 2016) brings together scholars from different disciplines working on late medieval French and Burgundian culture and history.

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Registration (10.00-10.30am)

Session 1 (10.30-12.00pm)
Kristin Bourassa (University of Southern Denmark), ‘Pierre Salmon’s Dialogues and Political Literature in Late-Medieval France’
Craig Taylor (University of York) & Jane Taylor (University of Durham), ‘Le livre des fais du bon messire Jehan le Maingre, dit Bouciquaut
Rebecca Dixon (University of Liverpool), ‘The Sound of Silence: Visual Noise in Burgundian Manuscript Illustration’

Session 2 (1.30-3pm)
Katherine Wilson (University of Chester), ‘Inventories as urban and courtly ‘theatre’
Helen Swift (Oxford University), ‘Who am I when I am dead? Rethinking identity and narrative voice in late- medieval French literature’
Hannah Skoda (Oxford University), ‘Nostalgia in fourteenth-century France’

Session 3 (3.30-4.45pm)
Justine Firnhaber-Baker (University of St Andrews), ‘Telling Stories: Sources and Methods for Writing about Rebellion’
Godfried Croenen (University of Liverpool), ‘Narrativisation, entrelacement and the re-writing of Froissart’s Book I’

Roundtable (5.00-6.00pm)

Registration costs £15. For further information, please contact craig.taylor@york.ac.uk

Please download our workshop poster and programme of events

 

Art, Architecture and Archaeology in Late Medieval York (21-25 July 2017)

BRITISH ARCHAEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION: 2017 ANNUAL CONFERENCE

ADVANCE NOTICE AND CALL FOR PAPERS

Art, Architecture and Archaeology in Late Medieval York (21-25 July 2017)

The 2017 British Archaeological Association Conference will take place in York, and will concentrate on the long late middle ages (circa 1150-1550). The conference will convene in the early afternoon of Friday, 21st July and run until lunchtime on Tuesday, 25th July. There will be visits and walking tours to several sites in York, including the Minster and some of the many medieval parish churches, guildhalls and other secular buildings.

Lectures will take place at the King’s Manor, Exhibition Square, York YO1 7EP.

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York Minster, Great East Window, panel 5g (detail). Photo: The York Glaziers Trust

 

A limited quantity of hotel and shared facility university accommodation will be available to book on a first come first served basis but delegates may wish to book their own accommodation elsewhere. A list of hotels and guest houses within easy reach of the King’s Manor will be provided. The conference welcomes professional and amateur enthusiasts equally, though it is only open to BAA members, so anyone wishing to attend who is not already a member will have to take out an annual subscription.


Call for papers
: If you would like to offer a paper (length up to 30 minutes) please send a proposal of no more than 300 words to baa-2017@york.ac.uk by 27th October 2016.


Bursaries:
There will be small number of student scholarships available. Please apply by email to baa-2017@york.ac.uk by 14th April 2017, enclosing a short CV, reference and email address.

Booking forms will be posted to BAA members in February 2017. For all enquiries please contact the Hon. Conference Secretary at conference@thebaa.org.

Honorary Conference Convenors: Tim Ayers, Sarah Brown, Sarah Rees Jones and Philip Lankester.

Call for Papers: Powerful Emotions / Emotions & Power c. 400-1850 (28-30 June 2017)

The Centre for Medieval Studies, the Centre for Renaissance and Early Modern Studies and the Centre for Eighteenth-Century Studies have joined forces to establish a relationship with the Australian Research Council funded project on the History of Emotions (http://www.historyofemotions.org.au).
As part of this collaboration, the University of York and the Australian Research Council will be holding a joint conference on Powerful Emotions / Emotions & Power c. 400-1850 in York from 28-30 June 2017. The call for papers is now available at http://www.yorkemotion.com
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CMS Summer Party

On Monday 20 June 2016, we held our annual CMS Summer Party on the lawn at the King’s Manor. Blessed by a unprecedented splash of sunshine, we gathered for strawberries, prossecco and ice creams provided by Paul and his truck!

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During the party, we were delighted to announce that Stephanie Montieth is this year’s winner of the £150 Garmonsway Prize for the best academic performance in the first half of the MA in Medieval Studies, as well as the Viking Poetry Essay prize.

We also had the sad task of saying goodbye to Andy and Dawson, two great friends of the CMS who are leaving as the university makes radical changes to the portering arrangements at the King’s Manor. We are very sorry to see them go.

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And many thanks to Heidi Stoner for taking the photographs at the event!

A Visit to the Palace of Westminster

Jennifer Caddick is a student on the MA in Medieval Studies and is currently writing a dissertation on Sermons and the Painted Chamber during the Opening of English Parliaments, 1399-1484. At the end of April, she was shown round the Palace of Westminster by Martyn Atkins, Senior Clerk at the House of Commons. Here she reflects on that visit.

For the past couple of years, I’ve enjoyed studying a few different aspects of late-medieval English parliaments. Despite this interest, I’d only ever accessed them through the parliament rolls and had never managed to visit the Palace of Westminster as it stands today. Until the end of April, that is. Martyn Atkins was kind enough to take time out of his day to show me around, and I was able to see and learn a great deal about the history of the Palace of Westminster, and hear some interesting stories about parliamentary proceedings today! While I was able to see a large amount of the Palace of Westminster (including the Lords and Commons chambers, and the committee rooms), the visit was incredibly useful in providing me with a better perspective on the site for my MA dissertation on opening sermons and the Painted Chamber between 1399 and 1484.

 

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Westminster Hall has been central to (what is now) the parliamentary estate since the 11th century. In 1399 during the first parliament of Henry IV’s reign, members gathered for the opening of parliament in “the Great Hall of Westminster” (PROME online). With quite a nice sense of continuity, Westminster Hall is still used for political purposes, and the opening ceremonies for conferences of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association, and the North Atlantic Assembly have been held there.

From Westminster Hall, we next walked to the Chapel of St Mary Undercroft, which is beautiful and definitely worth checking out! Admittedly, it was restored in the second-half of the 19th century, when there were attempts to recreate its medieval decorations in a neo-gothic style. Adjacent to the Chapel as well is a broom cupboard with a plaque inside dedicated to the Suffragette Emily Wilding Davison, who hid in there overnight during the 1911 census.

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While Westminster Hall provided a brilliant sense of the architecture of the medieval palace, St Stephen’s Hall was useful in terms of getting a better idea of the dimensions of the Painted Chamber. The current St Stephen’s Hall was built upon the foundations of St Stephen’s Chapel, which was lost in the 1834 fire, but which during the medieval period was parallel to the Painted Chamber. Seeing St Stephen’s Hall, however, has made more real for me a problem I was encountering when considering the audience of the opening sermons. The rolls of parliament seem to suggest that everyone involved in parliamentary proceedings would gather before the King. Yet this doesn’t seem to be entirely plausible when considering the dimensions of the building.

When the Painted Chamber panels were uncovered in the early 19th century, copies were made by Stothard and Crocker, whose works were then used by Tristram to reproduce the images. These reproductions were tucked away together away from what I believe is the normal visitors’ groups (we’d definitely gotten away from the school groups at that point at least), and I may not have had the chance to see them otherwise. Although they are reproductions, it was again rather wonderful to be able to see the scale on which these images may have been produced, and the details that may have been implemented.

Unfortunately, I wasn’t allowed to take pictures at that point, but I was able to snap another picture on the terrace.

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And then, one final picture – Martyn and I with Westminster Hall in the background (it had just started raining…).

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Thank you again to Martyn for his time and for the opportunity to visit the Palace of Westminster, and thanks also to Craig Taylor for contacting Martyn and making this visit possible.

The Fair Unknown Award winner 2016 – Dr Jenn Bartlett

 

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Usha Vishnuvajjala presented the 2015 Fair Unknown Award to Jennifer Bartlett on behalf of the selection committee. The citation read:

“Jennifer Bartlett’s 2015 Kalamazoo paper, titled Arthur’s Dinner: Or, Robert Thornton Goes Shopping, reads the Alliterative Morte Darthur‘s early feast scene for what it can tell us about the material world depicted in the text and the material world of the scribe Robert Thornton. Bartlett demonstrates that the seemingly exotic foodstuffs at Arthur’s feast would have been quite available to Thornton in fifteenth-century York, and that familiar, quotidian objects like herbs and spices were regularly imported from so-called “exotic” locations.

The resulting article, published in Arthuriana, 26.1, argues convincingly for rethinking Thornton’s view of the “Oryent.” Just as Arthur imports foreign foodstuffs and domesticates them. Bartlett argues, he must draw on resources from outside Britain to sustain his seeming peerless status in the Alliterative Morte. Not only does the article re-orient the Alliterative Morte‘s relationship to the east, it also gives us a fascinating look at the details of the really weird food served at Arthur’s feast.

Jennifer received her PhD in Medieval Studies from the University of York in 2015.

Congratulations, Jennifer!”